The common expression “All people are different” has a completely scientific justification. And it’s not just about eye color or height. Even in identical twins, at the cellular level, biochemical processes take place at their own unique pace. Some are faster, some are slower.
To some extent, these processes can be influenced by nutrition and lifestyle. Everything is not so difficult if you know the basics of how metabolism works.
What is metabolism?
It is a well-coordinated sequential process of cellular activity. In the course of gradual chemical transformations, the absorbed calories are transformed into fuel to support the life of the body, and the microelements obtained with food are converted into bioavailable forms and distributed to organs and tissues according to the needs of the body. For metabolism, it is important not only the intake, but also the timely evacuation of waste products.
Metabolism is based on two opposite reactions:
- catabolism – the breakdown of large molecules into their constituent parts with the release of energy;
- anabolism – the creation of new large “building” blocks from split fragments with the expenditure of energy.
The accumulation of reserves of fat and carbohydrates takes place just according to these laws. If the amount of incoming food exceeds energy costs, there is an accumulation of energy for future use in the form of fat depots.
For optimal performance, the body requires a sufficient, but not excessive amount of many components: proteins and amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleotides, coenzymes, inorganic substances and cofactors.
Why does metabolism slow down?
During life, a person goes through four phases of metabolism:
- from birth to a year it is higher than in adults by 50%;
- smooth decrease in the rate of metabolic processes up to 20 years;
- metabolic plateau from 20 to 60 years;
- decrease in metabolic processes every year after 60 years.
The gradual slowdown of metabolic processes is as natural as the fall of leaves in autumn. All people obey the immutable laws of nature, but it is possible to slow down or, conversely, speed up these processes.
Factors affecting metabolism
- the amount of fat and muscle tissue in the body;
- genetic features;
- current health problems;
- lack of water, deficiencies of vitamins and microelements, especially iron, vitamin D;
- intoxication with psychoactive substances;
Women have a lower basal metabolic rate. In addition, it is interconnected with the menstrual cycle. In the second phase of the cycle after ovulation, resting metabolism can increase up to 10%.
To accurately know the metabolic indicators, you need special equipment – a metabolic chamber. Before starting the study, a person drinks special water with isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen. After some time, the number of isotopes in the exhaled carbon dioxide is measured by special camera equipment. This allows us to draw a conclusion about the rate of metabolic processes. This is a complex and expensive study.
To determine the approximate level of calories needed for life, it is enough to complete a standard online survey. And then everything is simple: eat the calculated number of calories and watch the weight. If it increases, the calories are superfluous; if it decreases, their deficiency has arisen.
As people age, they need fewer and fewer calories to survive. Physical activity and the amount of muscle tissue significantly affect how many calories will be consumed during the day.
Can boosting your metabolism be harmful?
You just sit in a chair and lose weight because your metabolism is running at a turbo speed. It sounds great, but not everything is so rosy if the cause of such changes was a gross interference in the work of the basic systems of the body. For this, special means are used, sometimes with irreversible consequences. It’s like increasing the power of the stove to the maximum: the desired dish may not work out. Too fast a metabolism reduces life expectancy, can cause exhaustion and malfunction of the body. Excess hormones lead to self-intoxication, which can cause immune suppression and health problems.
How to speed up metabolism?
However, there are quite “legal” ways to help yourself to establish a metabolism and support its work. The standard “more physical activity and fewer calories” scheme is generally correct.
But if you switch to a meager diet with a large calorie deficit, then the mechanism that we inherited from our ancestors will turn on in the body. It is he who helps to survive in times of famine. The body will carefully accumulate literally every calorie and with great reluctance to part with existing fat reserves.
Excessive physical activity instead of six-packs can lead to stress and the production of specific hormones that slow down metabolism.
Success is in the middle. To organically accelerate metabolic processes, it is necessary:
- adhere to a balanced diet;
- exclude the use of heavy and harmful products;
- adjust the mode of work and especially sleep;
- remove bad habits from life;
- regularly receive sufficient portions of sunlight, fresh air;
- reduce stressful situations;
- introduce constant, but moderate physical activity;
- monitor with the help of analyzes the work of the main hormonal glands: thyroid, pancreas, adrenal glands, sex.
How to normalize metabolism?
In the list above, proper nutrition occupies the top line for good reason. It plays a pivotal role. Everything is important: what, when and how to eat. To improve metabolism, the pauses between meals should not be long. But constant snacking should also be excluded.
For an adult, 3-4 full meals a day are enough with the required caloric content. It is important that the diet contains proteins, fats, healthy carbohydrates and the necessary vitamins, macronutrients.
What foods improve metabolism?
Particular attention should be paid to the following products:
- spices that improve metabolism: these are turmeric, saffron, ginger;
- protein sources: dietary meats, fish, poultry, seafood, legumes;
- sources of fiber and complex carbohydrates: these include buckwheat, cereals, durum wheat cereals, cabbage, zucchini, mushrooms;
- sources of dietary fiber – vegetables, fruits, bran;
- Sources of healthy fats include avocados, olive oil, oily fish, seeds, and nuts.
What foods should be avoided?
Metabolism can be improved by not overloading the diet:
- simple carbohydrates;
- trans fats;
- sugar and its substitutes;
- fatty foods;
- long-term food.
Biologically active additives
For the excellent functioning of metabolic processes, the body needs support.
Every day our body fights with a huge amount of toxins. Some of them are exogenous, that is, coming from outside, others are of internal origin (xenobiotics). Up to 90% of the substances formed inside the body require detoxification. Hormones, neurotransmitters, fatty acids, cholesterol, retinoids go through three life stages: they are produced, perform their function, and then must be neutralized and removed from the body.
Amway products, thanks to their thoughtful and maximally natural composition, help to improve the functioning of many organs and systems responsible for metabolic processes. You can use the ready-made Body Detox Program to improve metabolism and weight correction , or choose individual products for yourself *.
Nutrilite™ Blend of dietary fiber with inulin helps to eliminate toxins, normalize cholesterol and lower glucose levels. And at the same time it helps to establish intestinal motility and nourishes its beneficial microflora.
The active components of the biologically active supplement** Nutrilite™ Liver active contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes in the liver, increase its resistance to adverse effects. Milk thistle flavonoids increase the ability of the liver to synthesize glutathione, a substance that has pronounced protective and detoxifying properties and provides antioxidant protection of cells from the inside. Silibinin has anti-inflammatory properties and inhibits the synthesis of hormones that cause inflammatory reactions in the body.
Nutrilite™ Protein Powder contains 9 essential amino acids in a balanced composition, providing 8 g of protein per serving. Powder ingredients are derived from natural plant sources – soy, wheat and peas. No artificial colors, aromatics, flavors or preservatives.
Nutrilite™ Appetite Control contains glucomannan, which, by filling the intestines, allows you to get enough of less food and gives a feeling of fullness for a long time, helps control appetite and comfortably reduce body weight. Reduces the absorption of fats and carbohydrates, promotes bowel cleansing.
Consequences of metabolic disorders
Unbalanced metabolic processes negatively affect the whole body:
- due to poor digestibility, many deficiencies occur;
- the quality of teeth, skin, hair, nails deteriorates;
- accompanying health problems;
- aging occurs faster, the body wears out.
Lead a healthy lifestyle and keep your metabolism active!